According to Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP), “foods that meet the whole-grain rich criteria are foods that contain at least 50% whole grains and the remaining grains in the food are enriched, or are 100% whole grain.
Whole Grain-Rich vs Enriched vs Refined?
You’ve probably heard of refined grains, and are wondering, what’s the difference between this and whole grains? Is there a difference?
In the graphic below, you can see whole grain kernels compared to refined kernels. The whole grain ones are composed of three parts of three parts:
Filled with fiber
Contains Vitamin B and minerals
Has some proteins and vitamins
Packed with nutrients
Contains Vitamins B and E
Comprises of phytochemicals and minerals
Has healthy fats
When whole grains are refined, the bran and germ are stripped from the kernels, leaving only the endosperm. This makes the grain easier to chew, however only leaves the endosperm behind. All of the nutrients and healthy fats have been stripped away leaving very few proteins and vitamins left, along with starchy carbs.